Tuesday, November 21, 2017


LESSON 1:  Article I - Article III

Article I - Article III

Linked are; the 1871 Organic Act to provide a Government for the District of Columbia, access to the Organic Laws with a Preface, the 1776 unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America and the 1777 Articles of Confederation, and three Pennsylvania ACTs;  from 1700 an ACT AGAINST BARRATORS and FALSE SWEARING, from 1782, an ACT to prevent the erecting any new and independent STATE within the limits of this commonwealth and, from 1781, an ACT to Incorporate the SUBSCRIBERS TO THE Bank of North America; an ACT that was (apparently) passed in 1782, repealed in 1785, and revived in 1787; six (6) months before the U.S. Constitution was ratified by nine (9) States that had not submitted their Constitutions to "the people" for ratification. 


The 1776 Declaration suggests that the IDEAL method of problem solving and decision making was used to frame our INTENDED FORM of GOVERNMENT.

(1)  The Cause was accurately IDENTIFIED, (2) a Remedy was DESCRIBED, a process for accomplishment was EVALUATED and (3) ACTED upon.  Today, we LEARN from our successes and failures and look, again, to the IDEAL.

In Congress, July 4, 1776.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America, When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to (1) dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to (2) assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should (3) declare the causes which impel them to the separation.


Who were considered “Freemen” when the colonies were chartered?

Is it “a privilege to be admitted to the Freedom of the City”? 

Given the 1785 definition of “Livery[i]”, what U.S. Department is today’s equivalent of “ftabling”?

Acquaint yourself with what may very well be the bankers’ textbook.

Chapter I – Definition of Terms

Our Documents

To all to whom these Presents shall come, we, the undersigned Delegates of the States affixed to our Names send greeting. Whereas the Delegates of the United States of America in Congress assembled did on the fifteenth day of November in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy seven, and in the Second Year of the Independence of America agree to certain articles of Confederation and perpetual Union between the States of Newhampshire, Massachusetts-bay, Rhodeisland and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia in the Words following, viz. “Articles of Confederation and perpetual Union between the States of Newhampshire, Massachusetts-bay, Rhodeisland and Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.

Article I.  The Stile of this confederacy shall be, “The United States of America.”

Article II.  Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom and independence, and every Power, Jurisdiction and right, which is not by this confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled.

Article III.  The said states hereby severally enter into a firm league of friendship with each other, for their common defence, the security of their Liberties, and their mutual and general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other, against all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any other pretence whatever.

What “fet of fteps” are required “to pafs from one enclofure to another”?

Article 1§8 U.S. Constitution - To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square), as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings; – And

To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.



 “Paper Money”

For British insights on “Paper Money” in the Colonies see

“Land Bank”

For British insights, search for the term “land bank” in the following link:



JOHNSON’S 1785 DICTIONARY - Volume I – Page 833 – “Freehold”

JOHNSON’S 1785 DICTIONARY - Volume II – Page 744 – “Stile”

Commentaries on the Laws of England (1765-1769) - Sir William Blackstone

Bouvier’s Law Dictionary 1856 Edition

Search the National Archives and Records Administration for the words

For additional background and facts about the BANK OF NORTH AMERICA matter, below are links to ACTS from the Pennsylvania Statutes at Large.

Pages are missing in archive Volume II – For “Livery”.  However, access to missing pages 2013-2016 may be accessed at another resource at http://johnsonsdictionaryonline.com/?page_id=7070&i=1215