Thursday, March 08, 2018


In the beginning, the words were clearly "stated".

See Johnson's 1755 Dictionary of the English Language.


Who "guaranteed" to whom "a Republican Form of government"?

U.S. Constitution › Article IV§4

In Johnson’s 1785 and 1830 Dictionaries of the English Language the stated words; "state" and "States" were clearly defined. 

In Webster's Dictionary 1828 - Online Edition the stated word, "States", again, is clearly defined as "Nobility".

Therefore, the Preamble to the United States Constitution clearly reads as the stated words were intended to be read by the people, their posterity, their Solicitors, and their Esquires.

And, in Johnson’s 1755 and 1785 Dictionaries of the English Language, the duties of an "Esquire" are clearly defined.